Studies have reported a higher level of unemployment among deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) adults compared to adults without hearing loss. However, little is known about factors explaining success in the labor market. This study presents the analysis of two data sets. The first was drawn from a survey of 804 DHH adults in Denmark. The second was a survey completed by 190 DHH adults with post-secondary qualification in the United States. In the Danish sample, among the spoken language users, higher ages, higher level of educational attainment, and no additional disabilities were associated with having a job. Among the sign language users, higher ages, higher level of educational attainment, earlier ages at hearing loss diagnosis, and not using cochlear implants were associated with having a job. In the US sample, male gender and better sign language skills were associated with having a job.