Investor attention and global market returns during the COVID-19 crisis

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Abstract

The financial market response to the COVID-19 pandemic provides the first example of a market crash instigated by a health crisis. As such, the crisis provides a unique setting in which to examine the market response to changes in investor attention. We utilise Google search volume (GSV) as a proxy for investor attention. GSV for the “coronavirus” keyword increases markedly from late-February and peaks in mid-March before declining substantially. Our results are broadly consistent with Da, Engelberg, and Gao (2015), indicating that GSV is primarily a proxy for the attention of retail investors and confirming that investor attention negatively influences global stock returns during this crisis period. A rise in the number of internet searches during the COVID-19 crisis induces a faster rate of information flow into financial markets and so is also associated with higher volatility. The identified relationships are economically and statistically significant even after controlling for the number of COVID-19 cases and macroeconomic effects. Increases in GSV have less impact on government bond yields where the limited role of GSV is likely due to lower participation of retail investors. The results suggest that, rather than searching for information on potential stocks to buy (Barber & Odean, 2008), retail investors are searching for information to resolve uncertainty about household FEARS (Da et al., 2015) during the COVID-19 crisis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101616
JournalInternational Review of Financial Analysis
Volume73
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Coronavirus
  • Google search volume
  • Investor attention
  • Stock market returns

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