Increase in type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents in Western Australia

Aveni Haynes, N. Ratnam, M.T. Grant, C.L. Carne, Timothy Jones, Elizabeth Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To document diagnosis rates of type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents in Western Australia over the past 12 years, the clinical characteristics of these patients and any comorbidities.Design: Review of a prospectively recorded diabetes database.Setting: Tertiary paediatric referral centre (the only such centre in WA).Patients: All children and adolescents aged <17 years diagnosed with type 2 diabetes between 1990 and 2002 and managed by Princess Margaret Hospital Diabetes Unit.Main outcome measures: Anthropometric and demographic data; glycohaemoglobin (HbA(1c)) level; blood pressure; lipid levels; presence of acanthosis nigricans.Results: 43 patients (15 males and 28 females) were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Age (SD) at diagnosis was 13.6 (1.8) years. The rate of diagnosis has been progressively increasing (average annual increase in the unadjusted overall rates of type 2 diabetes was 27%). Twenty-three patients (53%) were of Indigenous origin and 18 (42%) resided in rural areas. The mean (SD) HbA(1c) level at diagnosis was 10.0% (3.2%). Seventy-two per cent of patients had acanthosis nigricans, 59% had hypertension, and 24% had hyperlipidaemia.Conclusions: There has been an increase in the diagnosis rate of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents in WA. Comorbidities are frequent.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-61
JournalMedical Journal of Australia
Volume180
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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