Association of DNA Polymorphisms in the Synaptic Vesicular Amine Transporter Gene (SLC18A2) with Alcohol and Nicotine Dependence

P.E. Franke, B. Hoefgen, V. Guttenthaler, D. Lichtermann, M. Trixler, M. Knapp, W. Maier, Dieter Wildenauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The brain synaptic vesicular amine transporter SLCA18A2 is a key component for the uptake of monoamines like dopamine or serotonin into vesicles. We have analyzed seven DNA polymorphisms located in the genomic region of SLC18A2 for association with alcohol- and nicotine dependence, using a family-based design. Our sample comprised 131 families with alcohol- dependent offspring and 96 families with at least one nicotine-dependent offspring. For the alcohol- dependent sample, we found statistical significant association for two single markers (rs363387, P = 0.03; rs363333, P = 0.0066) as well as for several haplotypes ( minimal P = 0.0038). When the sample with alcohol dependence was stratified according to gender, we observed increased association for the male subgroup ( rs363387, P = 0.0011). None of the markers showed association in the sample of families with nicotine dependence. However, analysis of a combined sample of alcohol and nicotine-dependent families resulted in single markers as well as several haplotypes showing statistical significant association with substance dependence ( minimal P = 0.0044). We conclude that DNA polymorphisms located in SLC18A2 might contribute to the development of substance dependence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2263-2268
JournalNeuropsychopharmacology
Volume30
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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